Leningrad region has a huge cultural and historical potential. On the territory of the Leningrad region there are more than 5000 monuments of architecture, archeology, history and culture. A large number of fortresses are preserved on the lands of the region. Reenactments of medieval century, music festivalsare held annually in the territories of fortresses.
In the Leningrad region you can see the first capital of Ancient Rus, now the village of Staraya Ladoga. As the "Tale of Bygone Years" says, in 862 the legendary Prince Rurik came to Ladoga. The legendary burial mound of Prince Oleg is also located on the northern outskirts of Ladoga. In 2015, on the bank of the Volkhov River, a sculptural composition "Founders of the Russian statehood of the Grand Dukes of Ryurik and Oleg" was opened. The Old Ladoga is also famous for its monument to the Old Russian defensive architecture - Staroladozhskaya fortress.
In the XIII century on the lands of the present Leningrad region on a small island in the Gulf of Finland was built Vyborg Castle. The iconic landmark of the region is the only surviving monument of the Western European medieval military architecture on the territory of Russia.
In the south-west of the Leningrad region, 12 km from the Gulf of Finland, the smallest site of a high rock cape is occupied by the oldest fortress of the 13th century - the Koporye Fortress. The uniqueness of the attraction is its original form: the impressive walls and towers of the fortress were almost not reconstructed, so it allowed to preserve the architecture of the old version and to create an authentic atmosphere.
In the town of Priozersk you can see the stone fortress Korela (the 13th-14th centuries). This fortification protected the north-western borders of the present region.
In the source of the Neva River on the Walnut Island opposite the town of Shlisselburg there is the Oreshek Fortress, founded in the XIII century. The history of the fortress is very rich and interesting. It was repeatedly attacked by Swedish forces, once was captured by them, but during the Northern War it was conquered by the Russian army under the command of Peter I.
On the bank of the Narva River, on the border with Estonia, there is the famous Ivangorod fortress. It was erected in the 15th century to protect from western neighbors' attacks. The fotress was named after the Russian Tsar Ivan III, who reigned in the years of its construction.
Themed itinarities with visit of Fortresses: